Chest Compressions for Infants & Children

RESUSCITATION – CHEST COMPRESSIONS

 

FOR INFANTS

 

  • place the 2 fingers in the centre of the breastbone (sternum)
  • compress the sternum to depress it by at least one third of the depth of the chest – which is approximately 4 cms – and at a speed of 100-120 compressions per minute
  • after giving 30 chest compressions give 2 rescue breaths
  • repeat the sequence of 30:2
  • continue with CPR (30:2) until the emergency services take over from you, your casualty recovers or you become too exhausted to continue

 

FOR CHILDREN OVER THE AGE OF 1 YEAR

 

  • Place the heel of one hand on the lower half  of the breastbone (sternum)
  • Lift the fingers to ensure that pressure is not applied over their ribs
  • Position yourself vertically above their chest and with your arm straight, compress the sternum to depress it by at least one third of the depth of the chest, which is approximately 5cms, and at a speed of 100-120 compressions per minute
  • For larger children or for small rescuers, this may be achieved most easily by using both hands with the fingers interlocked

 

  • After giving 30 chest compressions, give 2 rescue breaths
  • Repeat the sequence of 30:2
  • Continue with CPR (30:2) until the emergency services take over from you, your casualty recovers or you become too exhausted to continue

The following demonstrates Infant CPR.

The following demonstrates Child CPR