Resuscitation

WHAT IS RESUSCITATION?

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an emergency procedure which is attempted in an effort to return life to an adult, child or infant who is not breathing normally for themselves.

This procedure combines chest compressions with rescue breaths.

We need to follow different steps when Resuscitating Children or Infants. These are shown below:

The technique for giving rescue breaths for a child over 1 year

  • Ensure head tilt and chin lift
  • Pinch the soft part of their nose closed with the index finger and thumb of your hand on their forehead
  • Open their mouth a little, but maintain the chin lift
  • Take a breath and place your lips around their mouth, making sure that you have a good seal

• Blow steadily into their mouth over 1 second, enough to make the chest rise visibly

  • Maintaining head tilt and chin lift, take your  mouth away and watch for their chest to fall as air comes out
  • Give 5 initial rescue breaths before starting chest compressions

The technique for giving rescue breaths for a infant under over 1 year

• Ensure a neutral position of the head (as an infant’s head is usually flexed when on their back and face up (supine), this may require some extension) and apply chin lift

• Take a breath and cover the mouth and nose of the infant with your mouth, making sure you have a good seal

• Blow steadily into their mouth over 1 second, enough to make the chest rise visibly

• Maintaining a neutral position of the head and supporting the chin, take your mouth away and watch for their chest to fall as air comes out

• Give 5 initial rescue breaths before starting chest compressions